Scaling and Root Planing

We do scaling and root planing for the treatment of early to moderate periodontal disease (periodontitis), sometimes referred to by the antiquated term, pyorrhea by non-surgical method. We recommend scaling and root planing for early active periodontitis when there is inflammation (bleeding and swollen gums), a periodontal pocket of 3 to 5 millimeters in depth and a detectable amount of mineralized calculus deposits on the teeth. Scaling and root planing is a procedure in which we use sharp, specialized hand instruments known as curettes to scrape (technically, scale) mineralized calculus deposits from the cementum surface of tooth roots, into which the attachment fibers of the gums and periodontal ligament were previously inserted. When the deposits are removed (referred to in general medical terms as debridement), we plan the cementum surface smooth to make it less supportive to bacterial colony formation.